SHEEPFOLDS OF THE FAR EASTERN FELLS.

 

 

 sheeppens-wrengill-quarry-r
This set of sheep pens is beside Gatesgarth pass near the turnoff to Wrengill slate quarries NY 478 084.

 A sheepfold just off the track between Naddle farm and Swindale NY 51615 15150.

sheepfoldny51615 15130naddl

 The first edition Ordnance Survey map of 1863 names the fold as Scalebarrow Fold.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sheepfold in Riggindale, Haweswater NY 46596 11735.fold ny 46596 11741 haweswa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A small sheepfold built against one of the old field walls associated with the drown village of Mardale NY 47141 11488               fold ny 47141 11488 haweswa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 50278 11871

 

Sheepfold on the Harper Hills NY 50278 11871.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sheepfold at NY 4664 12384. In Randale a side valley to Haweswater.

sheepfold-ny4664312384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfoldny4660912532

 

 

Sheepfold at NY 46609 12532 in Randale.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pen-top-of-high-st 

 

 

Pen on summit of High Street built against the boundary wall. NY441 110.

 Possible entrance at South side against wall also lamb creep in main boundary wall.

Overall lenght 9m width 6m.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-riggindale

Sheepfolds in Riggindale NY 454 118. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepengatesgarth 

 

Sheep pens on roadside going up Gatesgarth Pass from Haweswater NY 470 099.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny47197 05230 

A derelict set of sheep pens near Wray Crag NY 47197 05230.  

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 47184 05865 

Derelict sheep pen under the shadow of Wray Crag NY47184 05865.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheep-pens-longsleddale 

Sheep pens on Flew Scar NY 491 032.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-long-sleddale

 

Sheep fold on Dockernock Gill NY 495 008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Sheep pen on edge of in bye fields and the fell in Bannerdale NY425 156.

sheepfoldny425-156

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 BOREDALEHAUSEFOLDNY4075-156

 Sheepfold on Boredale Hause NY 4075 1560

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield angletarnpike ny 412

 

 A collapsed bield on the north side of Angle Tarn Pike at NY 41295 14927. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield hartsop ny 42229 1307

 

A bieldmon the lower slope of Prison Crag below Hayeswater.  NY42229  13078.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hartsop collapsed sheepfold

 

Slightly closer to the beck below the bield above is a collapsed sheepfold. NY42144 13025.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hartsop sheep pens ny41795

 

Slightly closure to the village of Hartsop and on the opposite side of the beck is this pair of small square sheep pens. NY 41795 12880.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hogg hose and pens

 

Nearly opposite the above sheep pens is a Hogg House with a pen to the front.

Hogg houses were used to house first winter lambs (hoggs) over the winter to keep them off the fell. Usually 2 storey with hay stored above. They are a form of field barn.

 

 

 

 

 

 

FOLDLOWMOSS-NY41331786

 Sheepfold on Low Moss NY 42133 1786.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FOLDNY4099-1834

Sheepfold at NY 4099 1834.

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 50278 11871 

 

Sheepfold in Mosedale at NY 50278 11871. Just on outside of the in bye land.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheepfold kentmere ny453310

A sheepfold on the edge of the in bye fields and the villlage at Kentmere NY 45331 04516. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold kentmere ny44638

This fold is next to a wall below crags and a wooded area in the upper Kentmere valley NY 44638 06553.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 45689 19970a

 

 A very derelict sheepfold on the side of the Swarth Beck NY 45689 19970.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 derelict sheepfold ny 43199

A set of derelict sheep folds at NY 43199 18599 in Howe Grain. These are shown as derelict on the 1st edition OS map.

 

 

 

 

 

 

y sheep bield ny 48955 2251

 

a large Y shaped sheep bield on Askham Fell NY 48955 22510.

 

 

 

 

 

 

helton sheepfold

 

 

This appears to be a normal sheepfold against the fell wall at NY49875 21211.

However on closer examination this is a very unusual sheepfold. The only entrance is the small smoot hole in the front wall.

helton sheepfold 3

The only means of people entering the fold is via stile from the field.

helton sheepfold2

All the walls appear to be as built with no obvious infilling for a gatway.

What was the use of this fold?

 

 

NORTHERN FELLS SHEEPFOLDS AND BIELDS.

 

 

 

Wainwright was very impressed by he sheepfolds on the northern fells. Below is a quote from his Northern Fells book.

THE SUPERIOR SHEEPFOLDS OF SKIDDAW FOREST. (NORTHERN FELLS GREAT CALVA PAGE 3)

In these decadent years of easy money and overmuch leisure of easy consciences and slipshod work, it is refreshing to come across craftsmanship of the highest standard and be reminded of the days when even the humblest servant looks a pride in his work and when hands were the most skilled of all tools.

Such a man, a common hireling, built the circular dry-stone sheepfolds, six in number that are a unique feature of skiddaw forest, elsewhere in the district rectangular shapes are favoured) They are all within easy reach of Skiddaw house and within the forest fence. All are built to the same sturdy pattern and all though probably over a century old have hardly a stone out of place even today. These sheepfolds are beautiful works of art.

The man who built them lived a hard life, working for a few pence per day, having to collect the stones he needed from the fellside and often sleeping rough on the job at nights. He did the task he was hired to do, and did it well. When in due course, he passed away from this life he left no name behind him. Only his work remains. Just an unknown labourer …….. but how many of us today with far greater opportunities and education will be remembered by our work hundreds of years after we are gone? Few indeed: idealness builds no monuments.


 

fold NY27382 32682

Ruined sheepfold built against the base of the slope in Hause Gill

NY 27385 32682.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheepfold ny28253255

  Another ruined fold in a side valley off Hause Gill NY 2825 3255.

 

 

 

 

Ruined sheep fold on Eycott hill

sheepfold eycott hill

NY 387 297.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfoldcarrockfellabovemoSheepfold on side of Carrock Fell

 SHEEPFOLDNY3006828511

Sheep pen built into a low crag NY30068 28511. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheeppens ny 33240 28628

 

 A complex of sheep pens in the Glenderamackin valley NY 33240 28758.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A complex of sheep pens built into Sinen Gill NY 30340 28280.SHEEPFOLDNY3034028280B

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEP FOLDS IN BLACKHAZEL BECK

 

 

sheepfold-ny-31611-30813

 Ruined sheepfold besideds Blackhazel Beck NY 31611 30813.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A view of the same pens from Mungrisedale Common

 

SHEEPFOLD NY 31606 30823

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPEPNSny31913 30514 

sheep pens at NY31913 30514. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPFO1358 31028LD NY

 

Sheepfold at NY31358 31028.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shepherdsmeet

 

 This fold was used for one of the local shepherds meets. Shepherds would take any stray sheep to a specific fold on a specific day when all the local shepherds would meet and collect any of their own sheep that had strayed. This is a photo of the 1937. Lakeland 50 years ago Kenneth Shepherd.)

 

sheepfold ny32208 32224b

 

Collapsed sheepfold NY 32208 32224.

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLDS GLENDERATERRA BECK.

 

Sheep fold at NY 29265 27951. There is an interesting group of small shieling type

of buildings on the opposite  side of the track to this sheepfold.

sheep-pens-ny-29265-2795

 

 

 

 

 

 

 SHEEPFOLDS IN MUNGRISEDALE VALLEY.

 

 

 

 sheepfold-ny-297-301

A large circular sheepfold at NY 297 301.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-ny287-297A ruined circular sheepfold NY 287 297.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-ny301-308Circular sheepfold NY 301 308.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLDNY3140031395

 

 A small circular sheep fold now partially ruined  at NY 31400 31395.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLDNY3184331778 

Another very ruined sheepfold NY 31843 31778. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppens ny 308 310 

A sheepfold or very large and complex designed bield at NY 308 310.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLDS AROUND SKIDDAW HOUSE AND BACK OF SKIDDAW

 

 

sheepfoldbackskiddaw Sheepfold on lower slopes of Skiddaw at NY28127 28266.

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppens skiddaw house

 Sheep pens below Skiddaw house.  NY 28780 29095.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheepfold ny28659 28884 ski

 A set of sheep pens behind Skiddaw House in the previously improved land NY 28659 28884.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold ny28514 27929

 

 A very ruined sheepfold in the Slot Gill behind Skiddaw House NY 28514 27925.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 26364 30826A ruined sheepfold on slopes of Bakestall in  the valley of the Dead Beck. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sheepfold tucked away in the valley between  Little Sca Fell and Meal Fell  at NY 285552 33959sheepfold ny28581 33957

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 27423 34154

 

A ruined sheepfold besided the headwaters of the River Ellen  NY 27417 34149

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppens ny27054 35082b

 

A series of sheep pens with a modern concrete sheep dipper and fecing added to the original dry stone walled structure NY 27051 35082

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppen ny297775245 

 A set of well preserved sheep pens at the bottom of Swinburn Gill NY 29777 35245.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold NY30682 34527

A ruined sheepfold NY 30682 34527.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfoldny2950040623 

A very ruined sheepfold on Faulds Brow at NY 29500 40623. This is a peculiar shaped fold beig pentangle with a small pen o one side. The upright post is possibly a gate stoop into the small pen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppen ny32437 26211

 

A sheep pen on the edge of the open fell and the enclosed land at the base of Gate Gill NY 32437 26211.

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppen ny31629 26006

 

A second pen at NY 31629 26006 on the edge of the enclosed land and open fell above Threlkeld.

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 30007 33771Sheepfold in the top of Roughton Gill NY 3007 33771

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

sheepfold ny33379 34941

A 2 bay sheep fold beside the beck at NY 33379 34941.

 

Was this used as a washfold?

 

 

 

 

 


SHEEPFOLD NY33864 35605

Small square sheep fold on West Fell NY 33864 35605. 

 

 

 

 

 

 A very ruined sheepfold next to Carrock Beck NY34627 35071.


sheepfoldny 34627 35071

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold1 ny 34840 35039

Even a more ruined and over grown sheepfold against a cliff lower down the beck at NY 34840 35073.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  SHEEPFOLD NY33479 36414

 

 

 A very ruined sheepfold at NY 33479 36414. next to the beck below the dressing area for Sandbed mine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE NORTHERN FELLS  BIELDS.

 A small L shaped bield on the lower slope of Longlands Fell NY 27221 35639.bield ny27221 35639

 

 

 

 

A ruined Y shaped bield lower slopes of Brae Fell NY 29607 36084.

 

bielda ny 29607 36084

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield NY314 364

A ruined H shaped bield on Deer Fell NY314 364.

 

 

BIELD NY 31276 36551A second Y shaped bield on Deer Fell at NY 31276 36551.

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIELD NY 31441 36637

 

A slightly different shaped bield. This T shaped but the ends of the top of the T are curved round. NY 31441 36637.

 

 

 

 

 


BIELD NY32848 36703

 

A L shaped bield at NY32848 36703.

 

 

 


BIELD NY33231 36589

 

Y shaped bield at NY33231 36589.

 

 

 

 

 

bield ny 34680 28758 

A straight line bield in the Glenderamackin Valley NY 34680 28758 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 bield NY27482 32917

 A ruined two bay bield at bottom of Burnitod Gill NY 27482 32917.

 

Another u shaped ruined bield in the side valley at NY 2785 3250.bield ny2785 3250 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bieldny303356 mungrisdaleA ruined L shaped bield on the side of Hay Knott

NY 303 356.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bieldny3411435304

 

 

 

 

A Ruined Y shaped bield on  lower slopes of West Fell

NY 34114 35304

 

 

 

 

bieldnyny3402835520A reversed Z shaped bield on the lower slopes of West Fell

NY34028 35520.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A T shaped bield NY 33822 35848.


BIELD NY 33822 35848

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIELD NY33607 35710

L shaped bield higher up the fell to above at NY 33607 35716.

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIELD323 373

A small L shaped bield just above Nether Row NY 319 372.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


bieldcarrockfellabovemoseda

 

Bield on side of Carrock fell.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bieldwhitecragscarrockfell

 

bield built into White Crag on Carrock Fell.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield-ny331-350

 

 

Colapsed straight line bield between two tracks NY 33054 35031

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield-ny387350

 

Colapsed Y shaped bield NY 33693  35012 next to track and next to a spring. Total lenght 21m.

On the first edition OS 6inch map the spring is labelled Willywood Well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 BIELD NY3174831746

A short bield at NY 31748 31746. 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An L shaped bield at NY 29872 28747


BIELDNY2987228747

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  A bield at the bottom of Hay Gill NY 30234 36123bield bottom haygill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 bield ny 30499 36121

 The same bield from the opposite side of the bield

 

 

 

 

 

 


bield longgrain

 A bield on the side of Long Grain NY 31065 35722.

 

 

 

 

 

 A view of the same bield from opposite side of the beck.bield ny 31067 35711

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


sheepbieldny3008935972

A Y shaped bield next to Dale Beck in Roughton Gill NY 300893 35972.

 

 

 

 

sheepbieldny30190 35052

A Y shaped bield beside small beck on Peteraw, Roughten Gill NY 30190 35052.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


bield NY 31301 35870

 

A Y shaped bield NY 31301 35870

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAULDS BROW

 

 

Faulds Brow is that small piece of limestone common that sits to the north of the main northern fells.

 

 

bieldny29fauldsbrow 

T shaped bield at NY 2905 4027 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepbieldny2895139923a

A sheep bield at NY 28951 39923 not quite a straight line with a very small circular enclosure on the southern end.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VILLAGE PINFOLDS.

 

 

Village pinfolds were a major necessity of medieval and later life. They were the place where stray cattle, sheep etc. were placed. The owners could only reclaim their animals on payment of a fine usually to the lord of the manor.  Usually a specific individual or a pair of people in the village were given the job of rounding up strayu stock and placing iot in the pound and then collecting the fines. Because the Pinfold was used to keep animals for a period of time there was a need for it to be near a local water supply and so the majority are usually situated next to a well or stream. 

 

Nigel Mills in his book Pounds and  Pinfolds of Cumbria (YouCaxton Publications 2014) lists 151 punds of pinfolds in Cumbria. Of these 45 are still recognisable structures, 18 are partial structures 62 can be found on early OS maps but are no longer visible on the ground and 26 he found in documentary evidence such as manor court records but there is no physical or mappping evidence to say where in the village they are.

Below I have illustrated those folds I have visited and photographed.  There is also a few folds that I have found documentary evidence for but no site that are not recorded in Nigel's book and finally not all structures are pinfolds and some of these are also illustrated.

 

Those pinfolds renovated under a five year public art, landscape and Envronment commision grant manged by Cumbria County Council (1996 - 2002) and which had stone pinecones constructed inside by the Artist andy goldsworthy are shown on the Andy Golsworthy page.

 

hartleyfold

Pinfold in Hartley villlage. NY 782 085. Irregular shape said to be heart shaped after the villae name.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WINTONFOLD

Winton village pinfold. On the east end of the village at NY 788 105. A circualr fold.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mungrisdalepen

 

 

Mungrisdale village pinfold NY364 300.

 

This has now been converted into a community garden. One wall has been replaced by a hedge due to road widening.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


POTTS GHYLL SHEEP FOLD

 

A small square pinfold at Potts Gill NY 31833 37333.

This is situated in the farm near the track out on to the open fell and was probably used for impounding stock grasing illegally on the common. 

 

 

 

pinfoldPooley Bridge Pinfold  NY 47549 24477.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PINFOLDS WITH DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE ONLY 

CUMREW

THE BARONY OF GILSLAND LORD WILLIAM HOWARD’S SURVEY TAKEN 1603.C&WAAS EXTRA SERIES VOL XVI

Wm Graie a pece of land wth a tenemt by a com lane on the south. The Pinfold standeth at the north east corner upon the greene. 4a 2r 15p.

GREAT CORBY

Manor of Corby Court Book Carlisle Archive Centre DHC/3/5

26th July 1781

Pinfold at Great Corby quite out of repair and earnestly solicit the same may be put into repair or a new one built.

No further entries.

CARLETON, CARLISLE.

The Carlisle journal of 23rd September 1865 carries the following report on a court case.

James Cowan  a surface man on the Penrith Road found 2 cattle belongong to Mr James Boustead of Cumwhinton straying on the road near Causeway House. He took them to a pound neear Howgill and informed Mr Boustead.

Mr Boustead sent his two daughters to collect them. but they had no money and the complainant would not let them be released.

About 11 o'clock at night Mr Boustead and his two daughters and another third man went and forcibly released the cattle.

The complainant refused to let them go without payment and the defendant took him by the neck and threatened to split his skull. There was a second charge of assault.

Both offences were proved and MR Boustead was fined £1 for the first offence and 10s for assualt and costs amounting to £3.

There is no evidence of a pund at Howgill and the first edition OS map (1861) does not show a pound.

  

 Structures that look like pinfolds.Occasionally as you walk around villages you come across some structures which look like pinfolds but turn out not to be. 

 

 

 soulbyfold

 This may look like a village pinfold on the riverside green at Soulby NY 7488 1096. However it isn't it is a commemorative enclosure around the village pump. Erected in 1877 to commemorate Queen Victoria's golden junillee. It is limestone blocks capped with weathered limestone. The pump has a name plate for L. Airey, plumber, Kendal.

 

 soulby pump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WASHFOLDS

 


Sheep needed to have their fleeces washed to remove dirt and also the various salves etc that was applied to them to control parasites before modern chemical dips were invented. Farmers tended to build pens on the edge of a stream next to a deep pool. The sheep would be rounded up into the pens then driven into the pool and the action of swimming out was usually sufficent to remove the dirt from the fleece.

 

 

 

 

washfold-ny29562-10850

 

Washfold on edge of Wythburn beck at NY 29562 10850.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WASHFOLDNY3907713562

Washfold on side of Coldcove Gill, Dovedale. NY 39077 13562.

 

Drop into beck is in the trees to right of picture.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepwash-shap-abbey

 

Out shoot from sheep pens at Shap Abbey with a drop into a deep pool.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

washfold-SD-709-927

 

This washfold in Near Gill Laids near Sedbergh SD 709 927. It would appear

that the stream was diverted when required to fill a large pond at the side of the fold, rather than using the river directly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Public washfold on Mill Beck, Talkin NY 56021 56709 as shown on the tithe map.talkin washfold 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

talkin washfold 2

A very substantial stone dam was built across the beck to form the wash pool. There does not appear to have been a pen on the opposite side to

Catch the sheep in after being through the wash.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLDS

 

 

 The sheep folds are grouped by area except for those that were involved in the Andy Goldsworthy art project which are shown seperately.

LAKE DISTRICT.

 

 As per the Wainwright guides to the fells

NORTHERN FELLS

FAR EASTERN FELLS

EASTERN FELLS

CENTRAL FELLS

WESTERN FELLS.

SOUTHERN FELLS.

 

NORTH WESTERN FELLS

 CUMBRIAN PENNINES

MELMERBY FELLS

 

CROSSFELL - DUFTON

 

CROGLIN FELL AND VALLEY 

 

GELTSDALE

 

                               HARESCEUGH, THACKMOOR, GILDERDALE

 

                                NENTHEAD

 

TEESDALE WEARDALE WATERSHED FELLS

 

HOWGILLS AND SHAP FELLS

BEWCASTLE FELLS

SEDBERGH AND DENT AREA

 

 

THE EASTERN FELLS

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLDNY3911713075This sheepfold is in Deepdale at NY 39117 13075.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 pen deepdaleb

 

 A second sheepfold at the head of Deepdale NY 36417 12414.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small sheep fold in Grisedale at NY 360 143

small-sheep-fold-NY360-14-g

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A small f0ld on the edge of the enclosed land at NY 39802 10780 in Caiston Glen. on the footpath. small fold NY 39800 10782 c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 The area around Cleugh Head at the north end of the Hellvelyn range is unusual in that there are a number of sheepfolds which on the modern OS maps are named, either after a local feature or with peoples names. Below are a few of them still need to access the rest.

 

 

 

 

 

barberyrigg-fold 

 

Barberry Rigg Fold. NY 359 227. This fold lies next to the old coach road from St. Johns in the Vale to Matterdale and is one of a number in the area around Cleugh Head that are given names on the 1:25000 OS map.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A named sheep fold Mart Fold set below Mart crag on the back of Cleugh Head at NY 34697 22490.


MART FOLD CLEUGHHEAD2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slightly higher up the valley is Rowantree Fold NY 34362 21967 (No evidence of a Rowantree).


ROWANTREE FOLD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At the top of the valley an unnamed fold on the side of Calf How Pike NY 33075 21166  FOLDCALFHOWPIKE2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

grisedalepen

 

 

 

 Sheepfold on Grisedale Hause between Seat Sandel and Fairfield NY 34900 11669.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

groovebeck-fold

Grove Beck fold NY 373 221. this is another fold next to the coach road from St. Johns in the Vale to Matterdale.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ny399216 

A ruined sheep pen built in the corner of the fell walls on the lower slopes of Gowbarrow Fell NY 399 216. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ny401217

 

A more ruined example slightly higher up the fell at NY 401 217.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ny425224

 

 

A pair of sheep pens on Gate Crags NY 425 224.

 

 

 The Glencoyne valley has a number of sheepfolds in it.

 

sheepfold ny 37221 18753

 A sheepfold on the outside of the enclosure wall for the valley NY 37226 18753.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheepfold ny 37856 18629

 A sheepfold lower down the valley now in woodland. NY 37856 18629.

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny372718511

 

A very derelict sheepfold next to the outer enclosure wall NY 37270   18511.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CENTRAL FELLS

sheep-fold-NY-329-095-grasmSheep fold in Green Burn NY 329 095

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A second fold in Green Burn

 

 

 

 sheep-fold-greenburn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosthwaiter-sheepfold-and-b

 

Sheepfold and building Rosthwaite.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-rosthwaite-ny265-

 

Sheepfold rosthwaite. NY 26555 13696

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Sheepfold just uphill from the previous set against the fell wall NY 26872 13598. Note the creep hole through to the fell.foldny26872 13598

 

 

 

 

 

 

A very derelict sheep fold in the lea of a small crag NY 26887 15596.foldny2688715596

 

 

 

 

 

fold in crag

 

Another sheepfold using the lea of a crag to give shelter. NY 25987 16511.

 

 

 

foldny2604116460

 

A similar sited fold at NY 26041 16461 26167 16203.

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-watendalthSheep fold at the hamlet of Watendalth 27672 16351.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheepfold-ny-31516-13400-th

 Sheep fold build into the corner of the fell intake walls on the side of Birks Crag above Thirlmere. NY 316611 30813

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold-borrowdaleA small fold built into the junction between the fell wall and a wall seperating different parts of the fell. Seathwaite Borrowdale NY 244 127.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheep-fold-275-203

Sheepfold on the lower slopes of Bleaberry fell. NY 275 203

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Sheepfold next to Easdale Beck below the falls NY31895 08697.sheepfold ny 31895 08697

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


sheepfold-alcock-tarn-ny349

 

 

Sheepfold to south of Alcock Tarn, near Grasmere NY 349 076.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 sheepfold-ny-299-077

 

 A double set of sheep pen in Greenburn NY 299 028.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-Greenup-gill-borr 

 

Sheepfold at Greenup Gill NY 277 127 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-ny-222-103

 

 Sheepfold Styhead Gill  NY 222 103. This is named as Patterson's Fold.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-ny-232-113

Sheepfold Seathwaite NY 232 113.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE WESTERN FELLS 

 

sheep-fold-ny-133-060

 SHEEPFOLD ON BUCKBARROW NY 133 060

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 yewbarrowsheepbield2

 

 Remains of a possible bield in the crags on the south end of Yewbarrow approx

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-scroat-fell

 

A series of sheep pens in Nether Beck NY 153 099. Shown as a wash dip on the 1st edition OS map 6 inch.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold-scroatfell2

 

A ruined sheepfold in Nether Beck. NY 159 080.

 

 

 

 

 


sheepfold nyb 11251 19444

 A ruined sheepfold at NY 11251 19444. set against the boundary wall on Blake Fell.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 bield ny1001020024a

 A sheep bield at NY 10010 20024. Now in a centre of a forest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sheepfold in pass below Brown How NY 11782 15820. 

fold ny 11782 15820 

 This is below the fox bield.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield ny 11433 15556

 

 A small bield between Bowness Knottand Brown How NY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold ny 14633 14252

A gap in the trees in Ennerdale forest leads upto the fells and contains 2 sheepfolds this one at NY 14633 14252. And the one below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold ny 14658 14367

 

Second fold NY 14658 14367.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOUTHERN FELLS.

sheep-pne-eskdale-ny-202-01

 A sheep pen complex in Eskdale NY 202 011. Built against the fell head wall at a point where a track enters the enclosed land from the open fell.

 

 NORTH WESTERN FELLS

 

 

 

 fold-fletcherfield

 A small fold in a field between the road and Crummock Water, Fletchers Field NY 169 197.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold-ny176-216

A small fold on the beck side in Gasgale Gill NY 176 216

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

small-penny179216A small fold on the path side Gasgale Gill NY 179 216.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foldforcecrag

 

 

 

A small fold on the side of Pudding Beck at Force Crag Mine NY 199 215. Presumably part has collapsed due to river erosion.

 

This is probably a sheep fold and not associated with the mines.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foldcobaltmine

 

 

A small fold at Long comb NY 204 208.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfoldouterside

Sheepfold at High Moss NY 211 212.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfoldstileend

 

Sheepfold Low Moss NY 218 217.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A set of sheep pens in Whinlatter forest NY 195 244.sheep-pens-whinlatter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE NEWLANDS VALLEY.

3 bieds opposite castle noo

 

Three very small curved sheep bields on the valley opposite Castle Nook.

 

 

 

 

sheep fold NY 22852 17256 

A small sheep pen against the last wall of the fields in the valley before the open fell grazing. NY 22852 17256.

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold long work bottom

A small sheep pen next to Newlands Beck at the Long Works copper workings. NY 22883 16282. This sheep pen is associated with a very long section of wall shown going off to the left of the photo.

 

 

 

 

 

 

wall at long works

 

The wall running allong the bottom of the start of steep section of the fell the sheep pens are to the right of the picture.

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold long workings adi 

A second set  of sheep pens associated with the Long Works copper mines. This is built on the edge of the open cut and drops into part of the open cut which is blocked by stone walls  NY 22639 16186.

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold up hill

Another view of the  same sheep pens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny 227 177

A set of derelict sheep pens in the valley bottom NY 22806 17139.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 CUMBRIAN PENNINES

MELMERBY FELL

I have taken this as the area of moor enclosed by the west Pennine escarpment the A686 Penrith to Alston road and the line of the 'Maidens Way' Roman road approxiamtely. This area of moor although mainly on the east side of the water shed is part of the parishes of the Eden valley and were grazed by the inhabitiants of the fell side villages.

2 bay sheepfold ny 65328 38488

 

  REMAINS OF A TWO BAY SHEEP FOLD AT NY 65328 38488

 

 

 SHEEPFOLD NY 63091 39972

 

 SHEEP FOLD AT NY 632091 39972

 

 enclosure ny 6552 38324

 

 SMALL RUINED SHEEPFOLD/ENCLOSURE NY65352 38324

 

 ENCLOSURE NY 63527 40019

 

 

RUINED SHEEPFOLD/ENCLOSURE NY 63527 40019

 

 

enclosure ny 65276 39722

 

 

RUINED SHEEPFOLD/ENCLOSURE NY 65276 39722

 

 sheepfoldny 65982 38081

 

 

RUINED SHEEPFOLD NY 65981 38081

 

SQUARE ENCLOSURE NY 63671 40333

 

 

A RUINED SQUARE SHEEPFOLD/ENCLOSURE NY 63671 40333

 

 

sheep foldfoxfieldshop

 

 

A RUINED SHEEPFOLD NEXT TO FOXFOLD LEAD MINE SHOP NY 655 388.

 

sheepfold ny 7001 40274

 

A SHEEPFOLD NEAR GREEN CASTLE NY 7001 4027

sheep pen ny75663 34183 a

Sheepfold near the watershed between the South Tyne and the River Tees.

 

sheep-pensg-Ny-63708-45611

 

A LARGE COMPLEX OF SHEEP PENS WITH A RUINED BUILDING ATTACHED ON HARESCEUGH FELL NY 63708 45611.

 

sheep-pens-ny67638-35616

 

 

 

SHEEP PENS ON SKIRWITH FELL NY 67638 35616

 

sheepfold-ny-66897-36132

 

 

 

SHEEPFOLD ON GREEN FELL NY66897 36832.

 

 

 GELTSDALE

The area of moor from Hynam Bridge around the water shed of the Gelt including both New and Old waters.  Most of this area was originally part of the forest of Geltsdale and was extra parochial. It was controlled by the Earls of Carlisle from Naworth Castle. It was eventually made into a sheem farm which has been called the largest in the country. It is now controlled by the RSPB as one of their bird reserves. Although the area now looks very rural it has been a  hive of industry. More details in my article published in Cumbrian Industrialist.

sheepfold 

 SHEEPFOLD AT NY 59001 53347

 

sheepfold2

 

 

 

Sheepfold at NY 586 534.

sheepfold3

 

 

 

 

Sheepfold NY 590 533

 

 geltsdale-sheeppens

 A large complex of sheep pens including a small building with a fire place. NY 582 537.

sheepfold-geltsdale-ny-577-

A small traditional circular sheep fold at NY 57781 55499. Approximate diameter 6.5m single entrance 1.6m wide wall height 1.5m.

 

tindale-sheep-pen

 

 

 

A complex of sheep pens near Tindale Tarn NY 595 588.

HARESCEUGH, THACKMOOR AND GILDERDALE 

sheepfold ny 69378 45718JPG

 

 

SHEEPFOLD AT NY 6978 45718. 

This sheep pen lies next to the projected line of the Maidens Way roman road.

 

 

 

sheep-penny-61470-45063asheep-pen-ny-61470-45063

 

 

SHEEPFOLD AT NY 61470 45063

 

This is one of two sheep fold built against the enclosure wall on the fell.

 

sheep pens ny 59533 46012 c

A COMPLEX OF SHEEP PENS AT NY 59533 46012

The walls are very well built and have a good row of capping stones the walls appear high but the ground level on the inside is higher.

sheep bield ny 63608 43078

SHEEP BIELD AT NY 63608 43078.

This is a sheep bield at a very obtuse angle.

sheepfold ny63962 42806hart

CIRCULAR SHEEPFOLD NY 63962 42806.

 

 

 

 

CROGLIN FELL AND VALLEY.

 

Croglin Fell was enclosed in 1815, the majority of the sheep structures are related to the walls construced for the enclosure and therefore probably date to this time.

collpased-sheepfold-croglin

 

A colapsed sheepfold at NY 600 483

 

croglin-1-sheepfold

 

A sheep bield at NY 622 485.

 

sheepfold-croglin-6

A sheepfold built against the enclosure wall NY 613 478.

 

sheepfoldcroglin2

 

Collapsed sheepfold NY 622 486 

 

sheepfoldcrogln4

 

 

A large sheepfold NY 618 478

 

lawyers-cross

 

 

Lawyers Cross NY 627 484 this is an area of improved land with sheep pens and a cottage. No maps show any track access to it. The bridle route across the fell to Slaggyford does not pass near the area. It is shown on Greenwoods Map of 1823. It is not shown on Donalds map of 1771 or the enclosure awards map of 1815. The large allotment it is set in was given to the Rector of Croglin in lieu of the tithes.

 

greynagsheepfold

 

A set of sheep pens on the South Tyne Valley side of the fell wall at Grey Nags.

 

THE TEESDALE WEARDALE WATERSHED.

 

 

sheep-pen-ny-77693-37194

 

Sheepfold at NY 77693 37194

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 CROSSFELL- DUFTON AREA.

 

 

sheeppenduftonpike

 

 

 A complex of sheep pens on the track behind Dufton Pike. NY 704 267.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A sheepfold on Knock Fell at NY 70663 29033. Just off the Pennine Way.
sheepfoldNY7066329033

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bield ny7133328783b

 A bield at NY 7133 2873  near the dam for the hush on Low Scald Fell.

 

 

 

 

 

sheepfold ny7008528655

 A ruined sheepfold against the fell wall at NY 70085 28655.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sheeppens NY69944 29162a

A complex of sheep pens outside the fell wall at NY 69944 29162.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALSTON TO NENTHEAD AREA.

 


sheep pen greenendsa

A set of small sheep pens next to Greenends near Alston  NY 77207 45063.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 A complex of sheep pens on the fell above Long Cleugh Burn NY 79132 42687.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 SHAP FELLS AND HOWGILLS.

 

borrowdale shap fold1

A sheep fold on the bank of Borrow Beck, Borrowdale NY 56232 03419.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BEWCASTLE FELLS.

sheepfold black lynn

A square sheep fold at NY 54611 81514 near Black Lynn House.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEDBERGH AND DENT AREA

 

HOLME FELL

 

sheep pens SD 64030 90286

 

A two bay set of sheep pens against the fell wall now only the foundations remain SD 64030 90286.

 

 

 

 

 

sheep pen SD 64260 90296

A large sheep fold with a small enclosurre in one corner. Now only the foundations remain. SD 64260 90296.

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  1. SHEEP STRUCTURES