- Last Updated: Monday, 28 June 2021 20:43
- Written by Graham Brooks
PRESENTATIONS AND TALKS
A lot of the research I have carried out over the last 25 years has not only lead to a series of papers been published (see publications page) but also speaking at a number of conferences and also to local history groups and other societies at evening meetings. All talks are illustrated via Powerpoint presentation. (projector can be provided.)
A list of the subjects covered in talks are.
TINDALE ZINC SPELTER
Tindale Zinc spelter was the only zinc spelter in the north of England. this talk looks at the history of zinc smelting and the reasons behind the choice of Tindale as a site. The process of zinc spelting is loooked at and this is related to the evidence both on maps and on the site. We also look at the social side of life working in the spelter.
WATER POWER IN MINING
This talk looks at the different ways water has been used in the obtaining of ores, their movement and processing using examples from both the Lake District Fells and the North Pennines. The use of waterwheels to power the various pieces of machinery is discussed allong with hushing, water balances and air blasts.
LIME KILNS AND LIME BURNING.
In Cumbria outside the Lake District lime kilns are one of the most common industrial remains in the count with over 1500 sites listed. This talk looks at the technology behind lime burning over time and the reasons for the production of lime. Because of the extensive research carried out in to the subject it is usually possible to use examples of kilns local to the talk area to illustrate the talk and points raised in it.
BRICK MAKING IN THE CARLISLE AREA.
This talk looks at the technological advances in brick making over time both in the kiln design and also in the introduction of machinery into the process. The different processes are illustrated usin examples of different Carlisle brick works as the industry developed in the area.
WEST PENNINE COAL MINING.
Most people when asked about coal mining in Cumbria normally think about the west Cumberland coalfield centred on The Whitehaven to Maryport area. However coal has been mined along the west Pennine escarpment from Brampton to Kirby Lonsdale and beyond. This talk looks at the history of this mining and the archaeology that is still to be seen on the fells by those that walk there. The talk can be themed to a local area.
A separate talk on Lord Carlisle’s collieries around Brampton is available.
LORD CARLISLE’S RAILWAY.
In 1797 the Earl of Carlisle installed a horse tramway to carry the coals from his mines above Hallbankgate to its market in Brampton. This was over time enlarged and altered to take steam engines. The talk looks at the reasons for the starting of the tramway and its developments over time.
This talk looks at the beginning of the term industrial archaeology in 1955 and its development from then to the present day using examples from the region and nationally, and attempts to use examples from the area of the talk. The second part of the talk looks at some different aspects of industrial archaeology.
THE MINING AND USE OF GYPSUM IN THE EDEN VALLEY
This talk looks at the history of the mining of gypsum in the Eden valley and also looks at the ways in which the gypsum was used.
STONE STRUCTURES OF THE FELLS.
This talk looks at the wide variety of stone structures that anyone walking the fells of Cumbria may come across. These can range from prehistoric burial cairns etc. through to the Ordnance Survey columns on hill tops taking in other structures such as sheep folds, shielings, mining remains, and a few structures the use of which is not that obvious.
THE BUILDING OF THE GARLANDS HOSPITAL CARLISLE.
This talk is based on my article in the Cumberland and Westmorland Transactions (see publications pages). It looks at the background behind the building of the hospital and also the trials and tribulations of its building. There is nothing new in the problems encountered in public funded building projects.
THE MID CUMBERLAND COAL FIELD
This talk looks at the little known coal mining industry in the Caldbeck area and also the associated lime burning industry.
This talk looks at the various processes involved in lead smelting as they have been used in Cumbria and North Pennines.
This is a hands on event with around 20 old veterinary instruments on show. This can be run as a competition for members to decide what they were used for. I usually then discuss each instrument its use and in some cases demonstrate modern examples of these instruments. This is suitable for WI groups etc.